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Reexamining the classification of an endangered language: The vitality of Brunca

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Item Summary Seibert Hanson, Aroline E. 2019-08-13T06:56:10Z 2019-08-13T06:56:10Z 2019-08
dc.identifier.citation Seibert Hanson, Aroline E. 2019. Reexamining the classification of an endangered language: The vitality of Brunca. Language Documentation & Conservation 13: 384-400.
dc.identifier.issn 1934-5275
dc.description.abstract In 2010, linguists declared Boruca (Brúnkajk) or Brunca (brn), an Indigenous language originating in what is now Costa Rica, to be extinct, basing their assessment on the number of living fully fluent native speakers. Since 2010, there has been no written verification of the current state of the language. Brunca classes are offered in the elementary schools as the primary way the language is being maintained, but they have not been taken into account in prior analyses. According to published research from almost two decades ago, Brunca appears to be losing ground. This has led to its designation as “critically endangered” or “dormant” by most established scales. In order to determine the actual status of the language in the community, we conducted participant observations in the Brunca classes and a series of interviews with the Boruca Culture Council, community elders, and a linguist currently involved in revitalization efforts elsewhere in Costa Rica. Through the present analysis of local stakeholders’ responses, data emerged on truncated but existent efforts to bring back the language. Thus, the present study is at the cutting edge of trying to define what should be measured to determine language vitality and progress in revitalization.
dc.description.sponsorship National Foreign Language Resource Center
dc.format.extent 17 pages
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii Press
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
dc.subject Boruca language
dc.subject language vitality
dc.subject language revitalization
dc.subject Costa Rica
dc.title Reexamining the classification of an endangered language: The vitality of Brunca
dc.type Article
dc.type.dcmi Text
prism.publicationname Language Documentation & Conservation
prism.volume 13
prism.startingpage 384
prism.endingpage 400
Appears in Collections: Volume 13 : Language Documentation & Conservation

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